13 Sep Brussels Agreement 1984
10. Following the failure of the joint sovereignty proposal in 2002, Spain and the United Kingdom agreed in October 2004 to continue discussing a new forum with an open agenda in which Gibraltar would have a voice. This resulted in a series of trilateral ministerial meetings, the first of which took place in Cordoba in 2006. The meeting resulted in the Cordoba Agreement, which addressed a number of long-standing issues, including the lifting of air restrictions on Gibraltar airport; Spanish recognition of the Gibraltar primaries; and improving pedestrian and traffic flows at the border. It also contained an agreement on the payment of pensions to Spanish nationals affected when the border between Spain and Gibraltar was concluded by the Franco government in 1969.  9 Over the next few weeks, there have been many misunderstandings between the European institutions. Member States were concerned that a political complaint could have embarrassing consequences on their economic relations with Spain12 and because each country had different interests. Britain was the party most concerned about signing a new trade deal with Spain, as it would be the country most affected by new conditions. On the other hand, Denmark simply wanted to invalidate it, the French and Italian governments tried to avoid any changes concerning Mediterranean agricultural products and Germany`s main objective was to promote the political programme of reform, especially after the appointment of Adolfo Suárez as Prime Minister in July 1976.13 But the worst thing is the collision of interests between the Commission and the Council. this has had a direct impact on relations with Spain. 17The Spanish delegation did not accept that the European institutions should give priority to the renegotiation of the agreement. Firstly, the imbalance was mainly directed against the three new Member States and, secondly, spanish diplomats did not understand the need for a short-term solution if, in their view, accession could not be extended beyond 1980, with full rights.
European forecasts were less optimistic because of the problems that followed the first enlargement, the debates on possible internal reform and the context of the economic crisis of the mid-1970s.30 Moreover, despite all the opinions of Brussels, mutual understanding between the two sides was difficult, a considerable handicap in subsequent negotiations. . . .